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Sleep apnea linked with male infertility

14258396551_0d3b8edb81_zOver the past two decades, there have been a number of studies suggesting that men's sperm counts have been steadily declining. Now research out of Spain and published in the journal Sleep suggests a connection between sleep apnea and decreased sperm production.

Michael Eisenberg, MD, a Stanford expert in male fertility, thinks the results are important but inconclusive. When reached for comment he told me:

My research focuses on the links between a man's overall health and his reproductive health, so this study has a lot of connections. I think it shows another health factor that can impact fertility; we are seeing sleep apnea more and more commonly, and here's something showing a link with decreased sperm production. A big drawback of the study is that before we can incorporate it in clinical practice the research needs to be replicated in humans.

The research, conducted collaboratively by research institutions in Spain, induced intermittent hypoxia (lack of oxygen) in male mice to mimic sleep apnea. These mice, along with a control group who had been experiencing normal oxygen levels, were mated, and researchers compared the numbers of pregnant females and fetuses, which were significantly lower for the hypoxic group.

Previously: Male infertility can be warning of hypertension, Stanford study finds, Poor semen quality linked to heightened mortality rate in men and Low sperm count can mean increased cancer risk
Photo by Kelsey

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