The ratio between a certain types of immune cells is able to predict whether latent TB will shift into an active infection, new research has found.
A new imaging technology that harnesses fluorescence allows scientists to detect tuberculosis in an hour and to measure drug efficacy.
Found in about half of all bacterial species, the cell membrane that surrounds the cell wall may be more critical for survival than previously thought.
The American Cancer Society joins forces with National Cancer Institute-designated cancer centers to promote the HPV vaccine and eliminate cervical cancer.
Antiretroviral therapy, a breakthrough treatment for HIV infection, suppresses the levels of circulating HIV viral particles in the blood. When it works, cancer rates drop, according to a new study. Still, even when the therapy is successful, HIV-positive individuals retain elevated rates of cancer.
Researchers have used an ultrafast, intense X-ray laser to observe how Mycobacterium tuberculosis bacteria attack antibiotics, making the drugs ineffective.
A hitherto unheralded set of telltale enzymes may prove to be perfect targets for shooting down a gang of nasty bacterial pathogens collectively called S. aureus.
Stanford's Stephen Luby discusses how the little-known but deadly Nipah virus is transmitted, in light of news of an outbreak in southern India.
Stanford researchers pinpointed boarding schools in rural regions of China's Sichuan province as key spots for intervention against a potentially-fatal tapeworm infection.
The sex ratio of a social group can influence the risk of getting an infectious disease as much as, and sometimes more, than an individual's traits, a Rice University study finds.
During a podcast, the author of "Lyme: The First Epidemic of Climate Change" talks about the growing worldwide threat of this disease and the urgent need for more research into treatment and prevention.
Many healthy newborns are getting antibiotics they don’t need, potentially causing harmful changes in their gut bacteria, but new Stanford research suggests a solution.
Tuberculosis is a major public health problem worldwide, yet most people lack access to quick, reliable testing. Now, chemists have found a solution.
The key to preventing dangerous Aspergillus fumigatus infections following lung transplant may be blocking iron, a new Stanford Medicine study has found.
Even adults who are not considered "high-risk" should be tested to reduce deaths and improve cure rates, new Stanford Health Policy research suggests.
Stanford chemist Lynette Cegelski and her team discovered a new form of bacterial cellulose, a finding that could shed light on new ways to fight bacterial infections.