Here's something to further investigate - and fix: Experienced female scientists receive (and apply for) far fewer major NIH grants than men. That's according to a new National Institutes of Health study, which ScienceInsider recently reported on:
NIH grants’ staff members examined women's share of training grants and research awards arranged by career stage... Women are quite visible early in the federal funding pipeline, holding about half of all training grants. But they receive only 27% of R01s, NIH's basic independent research grants that funds researchers throughout their careers. And women are awarded only 18% of all P30s, which are large center grants won by scientists with an average age of 60.