The scenario many of us learned in school is that two X chromosomes make someone female, and an X and a Y chromosome make someone male. These are simplistic ways of thinking about what is scientifically very complex.
Writer Loren Stephens reflects on her father's death from cancer and on her family's decision to hide the terminal diagnosis from him. This is part of Scope's collaboration with the publication Months to Years.
Researchers at Stanford are harnessing sound and acoustics to innovate technologies that boost medical and health applications; from a stethoscope that "hears" brain waves, to software that identifies the hums of mosquitoes.
Denise Wong had survived breast cancer treatment at 27. Ten years later, she and her husband wanted to have a child. Her treatment had made that unlikely, but her fertility team at Stanford found a way.
A "molecular car wash" may help dermatologists accurately and more quickly identify and remove tiny skin cancers caused by sun damage. The technique also pinpoints subtle molecular differences associated with the cancers that may one day guide treatment.