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The discovery, in mice, of a pair of nerve clusters regulating fearful versus bold responses to a visual threat could help people with excessive anxiety, phobias or post-traumatic stress disorder lead more normal lives.

The discovery, in mice, of a pair of nerve clusters regulating fearful versus bold responses to a visual threat could help people with excessive anxiety, phobias or post-traumatic stress disorder lead more normal lives.

What makes breathing possible is a thin coating of a soaplike film, or surfactant, that lowers the tension of the lung’s inner surface. Premature babies and adults with lung injuries are short on surfactant, and replacing it has been prohibitively pricey. That may be about to change.

What makes breathing possible is a thin coating of a soaplike film, or surfactant, that lowers the tension of the lung’s inner surface. Premature babies and adults with lung injuries are short on surfactant, and replacing it has been prohibitively pricey. That may be about to change.

Older people are more susceptible to infection, cancer, and autoimmunity than younger people. This may be the result of our immune cells' receiving increasingly random marching orders as we age.

Older people are more susceptible to infection, cancer, and autoimmunity than younger people. This may be the result of our immune cells' receiving increasingly random marching orders as we age.

In an interview in the journal Neuron, Stanford's Rob Malenka holds forth on a wide range of subjects stretching from reflections on his own career trajectory to his approach to boosting those of his trainees to the future of neuroscience itself.

In an interview in the journal Neuron, Stanford's Rob Malenka holds forth on a wide range of subjects stretching from reflections on his own career trajectory to his approach to boosting those of his trainees to the future of neuroscience itself.

Stanford scientists have figured out a way to convert common brewer’s yeast into an efficient factory for making a non-narcotic cough medicine that occurs naturally only in opium poppies.

Stanford scientists have figured out a way to convert common brewer’s yeast into an efficient factory for making a non-narcotic cough medicine that occurs naturally only in opium poppies.

Rheumatoid arthritis and coronary artery disease share a common culprit: an important type of immune cell, called a macrophage, that has gone haywire. Stanford investigators have zeroed in on a molecular defect in macrophages' metabolic process that drives both disorders.

Rheumatoid arthritis and coronary artery disease share a common culprit: an important type of immune cell, called a macrophage, that has gone haywire. Stanford investigators have zeroed in on a molecular defect in macrophages' metabolic process that drives both disorders.

The human brain, and how it works, is one of the great mysteries of science. If only you could grow a brain in a bottle, you could learn a lot about what can go wrong – or for that matter, what goes right – in early brain development. So that's why Sergiu Pasca did.

The human brain, and how it works, is one of the great mysteries of science. If only you could grow a brain in a bottle, you could learn a lot about what can go wrong – or for that matter, what goes right – in early brain development. So that's why Sergiu Pasca did.