E-cigarettes are about to get zapped. To date, across the globe, they’ve been largely unregulated – and their growth since they first came on the scene in 2007 has been exponential. Now, in the first big regulatory action that is sure to spur similar responses across the pond, the European Parliament approved rules last week to ban e-cigarette advertising in the 28 EU member nations beginning in mid-2016. The strong action also requires the products to carry graphic health warnings, be childproof and contain no more than 20 milligrams of nicotine per milliliter. It's expected that the U.S. Food and Drug Administration will soon follow suit and the days of great independence for e-cigarettes will come to a crashing halt. A few U.S. cities, Los Angeles most recently, have banned e-cigarettes in public spaces.
Until recently, I was completely ignorant about the whole phenomenon of e-cigarettes. What is the delivery system? Where are they manufactured? Are they a safe alternative to smoking? And how are they being marketed and to whom? Well here's an eye opener: According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, e-cigarette usage more than doubled among middle and high school students users from 2011 to 2012. Altogether, nearly 1.8 million middle and high school students nationwide use e-cigarettes.
Robert Jackler, MD, chair of otolaryngology at Stanford Medicine, has long studied the effects of tobacco advertising, marketing, and promotion through his center, SRITA (Stanford Research Into the Impact of Tobacco Advertising). After years of detailing how tobacco use became ubiquitous in the U.S. he's now tracking the marketing of e-cigarettes, and what he's found probably won't surprise you. The same sales techniques that brought about the explosive growth of tobacco use are being deployed again to make e-cigarettes look sexy, cool and defiant.
While there are claims by the e-cigarette industry that e-cigarettes are important tools to help people kick the tobacco habit, there's little evidence to date to back up that claim. And Jackler isn't completely sold on the notion that e-cigarettes will bring about a great cessation of tobacco smoking; he sees them more as a continuity product. He told me:
What the industry would like to see you do is when you go to a place that you can't smoke, that you pick up your e‑cigarette and you vape, and you get your nicotine dose in the airport when waiting, or when you're in your workplace, or when you're even in school, and that way, when you leave school or the workplace, you go back to the combustible tobacco products.
Sorry if I'm a bit cynical, but as an ex-smoker I find it hard to believe that Big Tobacco – which is increasingly getting into the e-cigarette business – doesn't also see vaping as a way to continue to keep smokers smoking. Bubble gum flavors and packaging designed to resemble lipstick containers! Who's really being targeted here?
After my 1:2:1 podcast (above) with Jackler, I’m convinced we’ve been down this road before and it wasn't pretty health-wise. More than 16 million Americans suffer from a disease caused by smoking. Listen to the podcast and you be the judge about the true intentions of those promoting e-cigarettes.
Previously: Stanford chair of otolaryngology discusses federal court’s ruling on graphic cigarette labels, What’s being done about the way tobacco companies market and manufacture products and Image of the Week: Vintage Christmas cigarette advertisement
Photo by lindsay-fox